Slack IntegrationCollaborate on meeting agendas, share notes, and exchange feedback – without leaving Slack. SolutionsMeeting agenda softwareCollaborate on meeting agendas, assign action items, and ask for meeting feedback. The second point in the sequence is characterized by conflict and polarization around interpersonal issues, with concomitant emotional responding in the task sphere. These behaviours serve as resistance to group influence and task requirements.

  • Team members are able to prevent or solve problems in the team’s process or in the team’s progress.
  • In this stage, people can work independently, in subgroups, or as a total unit with equal competencies.
  • During the Storming stage, team members may argue or become critical of the team’s original mission or goals.
  • Sometimes, some members simply feel a sense of relief when they get to the end of their group’s journeys.
  • Sometimes a norm needs to be challenged because it is not working for the group, which could lead a group back to the storming stage.
  • These five stages have been labelled forming, storming, norming, performing and adjourning.

All good things must come to an end; and this is also true of groups. After a group has successfully completed their task, they must dissolve or disband from both the task and group members. This adjourning stage is used to wrap up activities of the group and provide a sense of closure to its members.

Stages of Team Development

Allow extra time to review the ideas the team shares and to answer questions. When teams work in the same space, it’s easy to see what everyone’s doing. Designers are talking to product managers to get direction, or product managers meet with analysts to talk about user data and reports. It’s different for remote marketing teams because you can’t see what people are working on. Instead of letting team members battle it out in private messages select the best solution, be ready to invite them into a chat room to offer advice or ask some key questions.

In this article, we discuss the different stages of group development and how you can guide your team through them to optimize collaboration. Rules are explicitly stated guidelines for members and may refer to things like expected performance levels or output, attitudes, or dress codes. Rules may be communicated through verbal instructions, employee handbooks, membership policies, or codes of conduct .

Managing Agile Teams With Scrum

Create an agenda and establish a document to track ideas and comments during the meeting. Share a link to these meeting notes afterwards so that everyone has access and can review it later. Organize the agenda so that each team member has five to ten minutes to talk through their insights and ideas.

Group members are more confident in their abilities than during the previous forming phase, meaning that disagreements will be established and a power struggle will likely occur. Members may also deviate from their originally assigned roles as they explore their own methods of completing a task. Sometimes also called the termination, mourning, or ending stage, most, if not all, of the goals of the team have been accomplished. The project as a whole is being wrapped up and final tasks and documentation are completed.

Group Development Stages

This can be an effective environment for the presentation of diverse ideas and creativity. She also holds three degrees including communications, business, educational leadership/technology. If you’ve asked team members to update progress documents weekly, check to make sure it’s being done.

group development process

The adjourning stage of group development wraps up the group’s final tasks and reflects on the entire group’s effort and results. It is worth mentioning that whenever conflict and competition take place, groups still run a risk of returning to the previous storming stage. However, thanks to their learning experiences, groups can presumably overcome the storming stage more easily and harmoniously to get back on the right track. In learning how to effectively work together and lead each other, group members can build a stronger sense of give-and-take, empathy, and mutual respect. Further, group members can practice open communication and constructive feedback as they feel more comfortable.


There is often a prolonged overlap between storming and normign, because, as new tasks come up, the group may lapse back into behavior from the storming stage. Tensions are reduced when the normative expectations are known, and the degree to which a leader can describe these at the outset can reduce the amount of time the group remains in uncertainty. In order to not get bottlenecked in the storming stage, members have to work together and play to each other’s strengths to overcome obstacles and stay on pace. Also, take the time to address and overcome conflicts early on so they don’t stay an issue throughout the other phases. The Norming stage determines a state of peace ✊after conflict resolution.

group development process

To take it one step further, leave specific time for this feedback when you outline the meeting agenda. That way, it’s built-in to the time and it’ll never go forgotten. When each of the five stages is carried through, your group will feel more in sync and be a high-functioning unit. No one is afraid to ask a question, bring up a concern, or pose a new way of going about certain tasks. Everyone can bring their whole self to the team, play to their strengths, and will step up and help one another when it’s needed.

Training for a Team

Each stage has its own characteristics and challenges ranging from the emotional to the logistical. Review what you can expect from each stage of team four stages of team development development. When the storming stage of group formation is completed, there will be a relatively clear hierarchy of relationships among the group.

group development process

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